Buxus sempervirens, also known as common boxwood, is a staple of American and English gardens for its versatility and practical use. Its wood has a long history with craftsmen for its density, durability, and attractive price. The leaves are clustered in a fine, even texture. The density of branches makes it perfect for pruning into shapes for topiaries and hedges.

  • Botanical background:
    • Buxus belongs to the family Buxaceae, also commonly called the ‘box family’
    • Boxwoods are native to Europe, Asia, Africa, South America, and the Caribbean.
  • Historic significance:
    • The wood was often used to make flutes, woodblock printing, and small boxes
    • Because of its density, it made for a great chess piece material in lieu of ebony and ivory